In this video, we take a look at the history of the Christian Church during the years 350-400. We look at the short reign and violent death of Julian the Apostate, the last pagan Roman Emperor. We also look at the final battles in the fight against paganism, including the work of St. Athanasius of Alexandria and the Second Ecumenical Council. We look at the work and long-lasting impact of the Cappadocian Fathers: St. Basil of Caesarea, St. Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Gregory Nazianzus. And, finally, we learn about the conversion of the Goths and other Germanic tribes from paganism to Arianism due to the work of Bishop Ulfilas.
"The Story of Christianity: An Illustrated History of 2000 Years of the Christian Faith" - David Bentley Hart
"Early Christian Doctrines" - J.N.D. Kelly
"The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation" - Justo L. González
"How We Got the Bible" - Neil R. Lightfoot
"Whose Bible Is It? A Short History of the Scriptures" - Jaroslav Pelikan
"The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine; Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition" - Jaroslav Pelikan
"History of Eastern Christianity" - Aziz S. Atiya
"Byzantium" - Cyril Mango
"Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization" - Lars Brownworth
"A Short History of Byzantium" - John Julius Norwich
Schaff Nicene/Post-Nicene Fathers series, volumes 4, 5, 8 & 10
Suggested Primary Sources:
"Church History" - Socrates Scholasticus
"Church History" - Sozomen
letters and other writings St. Athanasius of Alexandria, especially "On the Incarnation"
writings of St. Basil the Great, especially "On the Holy Spirit"
writings of Ss. Gregory Nazianzen (especially "Orations") and Gregory of Nyssa
writings of Julian the Apostate (especially "Against the Galileans")